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Maasai Harmonial Mission: To improve the livelihoods and health of the impoverished pastoral people of Emburbul Village and to empower the girls and women of Emburbul to control their own reproduction, their own lives, and their own bodies.
Transition Earth Promotes human rights and nature's rights in a world of unsustainable population and economic growth and advocates for global systems change to enable the shift to a sustainable planet for all
Population Media Center Strives to improve the health and well-being of people around the world through the use of entertainment-education strategies, like serialized dramas on radio and television, in which characters evolve into role models for the audience for positive behavior change."
EngenderHealth For 65 years, Engenderhealth has improved the lives of men, women, and families through its work in family planning, maternal health, HIV, and AIDS, gender equality, and many other programs
Central Asia Institute Mission: To promote and support community-based education, especially for girls, in remote areas of Pakistan and Afghanistan. 'Three Cups of Tea' is the inspiring book about the founder of this organization
Sierra Club Global Population and Environment Program
Seeks to protect the global environment, preserve natural resources for future generations, and foster healthy communities by advancing sustainable development solutions by:
- promoting increased access to voluntary family planning and reproductive
health information and services
- advocating for women's and girls' basic rights, including health care, education, and economic opportunity
- raising public awareness of wasteful resource consumption in the context of social and economic equity
- empowering youth leaders
Center for Biological Diversity - Population and Sustainability "Through the empowerment of women, education of all people, universal access to birth control, and a societal commitment to ensuring that all species are given a chance to live and thrive, we can reduce our own population to an ecologically sustainable level. This will decrease human poverty and crowding, increase our standard of living, and sustain the lives of plants, animals, and ecosystems everywhere." .... Follow the link to a beautiful presentation on Overpopulation.
Global Footprint Network Our mission is to promote a sustainable economy by advancing the Ecological Footprint, a measurement tool that makes the reality of planetary limits relevant to decision-makers.
WOA!s Population Impacts and Solutions (Youtube playlist) The consequnces of overpopulation could be catastrophic, and resources are already being seriously depleted, but if we spend more money on the various and already successful programs for education and voluntary family planning, we have a good chance to soften the damage.
Warren Buffett: We Only Have One Planet Terre Blair interviewing an extraordinary group of leaders to find solutions to some of the most urgent challenges facing humanity: global climate change, financial mayhem, nuclear attacks, cyber threats, political paralysis (and population). Here is an excerpt with Warren Buffett, Ted Turner, the Dalai Lama and Thomas Friedman.
World Population : An Interactive Experience Explore population growth from 1 C.E. to 2050. Watch population growth appear on the map as dots representing concentrations of one million people. Learn about important milestones in human history and view other key data including land use, fertility rates, CO2 emissions, life expectancy, and urbanization.
Everything You Need to Know About Consent That You Never Learned in Sex Ed Over the past couple of years, we have started emphasizing the importance of sexual consent more than ever before in U.S. history. But what often gets left out of these discussions is how exactly you go about the business of obtaining and providing consent in real-life sexual situations. And especially, how to do it without the much-feared "ruining of the mood."
"Green Sex" for Climate's Sake Climate change presents an existential threat to our species. There is no doubt left about that. Activists around the world are grappling with the issue in many ways - by protesting coal powered plants and blocking oil tankers, promoting renewable energy like solar and wind, or even changing ones own lifestyle with growing one's own food and adopting plant based diets. But, Alisha Graves has another idea altogether. She calls it "green sex" for the sake of the climate.
When Abortion was Illegal: Untold Stories (1992) This Academy Award-nominated film features compelling first person accounts which reveal the physical, legal, and emotional consequences during the era when abortion was a criminal act. Remembrances include those of women who experienced illegal abortions, doctors who risked imprisonment and loss of their licenses for providing illegal abortions, and individuals who broke the law by helping women find safe abortions.
PSI: Delivering Health in the Developing World Like mothers and fathers the world over, Sara dreams of a happy life for her daughter. But in many parts of the developing world, even meeting her basic health needs can be difficult. At PSI, we help Sara fulfill her dreams by providing solutions to some of her family's serious health challenges.
Saving Lives by Saving Trees Dr. Kinari Webb founded Health In Harmony as a response to the devastation she saw in the rainforests of Borneo. Health In Harmony's mission is to recognize the inextricable link between human and environmental health and focus on providing healthcare as an incentive to protect natural resources. After completing her medical training, she returned and spent a year traveling around the country looking for ways to help reduce the damage to the rainforest and to the villagers who lived within it. Today, the clinic she founded provides affordable healthcare for the communities of Gunung Palung, and has not just improved the lives of residents, but also introduced alternative income sources and dramatically reduced illegal logging of the rainforest.
Girls Stand Up to Stop Child Marriage In Sub-Saharan Africa, around 7 million girls are forced into an early marriage. It is one of the regions worst hit by child marriage across the world. Child brides are made to give up their education in order to raise families, and their health and wellbeing is put at serious risk. Watch how children's groups set up by Plan International are empowering children to know their rights and to stand up and say: 'No I don't want to be married. I want to continue with my education.'
"London Crawling" - Talking About Population a short film from Population Matters, directed by Tom Martin of the Media Trust. Britain’s population has grown by one third since 1950 and London’s population is now approaching nine million, with an additional million inhabitants expected over the next ten years. London’s experience is that of many cities worldwide, while global population is increasing by 80 million
Twenty Signs China's Pollution Has Reached Apocalyptic Levels 9 out 10 cities in China have failed government pollution standards according to China's Ministry of Environmental Protection. A quarter of million Chinese die every year from pollution, rivers turn blood red, and by 2030, China will be COMPLETELY OUT OF WATER! These are just a few of the signs that China's pollution has reached apocalyptic levels, and it's having a global effect on climate change.
How Abortion Stigma Negatively Affects Media Coverage Carlos Maza of Media Matters for America talks to Erin Matson, co-founder of Reproaction, and Hannah Groch-Begley, research director for NARAL Pro-Choice America, to help break down what abortion stigma is and how the media perpetuates it through faulty, biased coverage.
Lord Man Parable Video Images from the book Overdevelopment, Overpopulation Overshoot which speaks to how man once lived peacefully with all of the Earth's beauty but has quickly taken-for-granted all the resources and animals causing great environmental and sustainability issues.
Paving the Way: Ethiopia's Youth on the Road to Sustainability Paving the Way: Ethiopia's Youth on the Road to Sustainability transports viewers to an innovative development project in Ethiopia's Gurage Zone where youth and their parents are working together to build a more sustainable future by connecting the dots between conservation, access to health care, and sustainable livelihoods. It is the final installment in the Wilson Center's "Healthy People, Healthy Environment" trilogy, which explores integrated population, health, and environment (PHE) projects around the world.
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Note: not all articles align with WOA!s position
Every Friday is Black Friday: Why Our Addiction to Consumption and Growth is Killing Us The world's richest 1% (if your household has an income of £70,000 or more, this means you) produce about 175 times as much carbon as the poorest 10%. The poorest 60% of the world's people receive only 5% of the additional income generated by rising GDP.
When a Woman Can Control When She Has Children, She Can Control Her Future
With issues of reproductive rights being raised in the senate and abortion law reform on the agenda for the election in Queensland on Saturday, it’s time to stop and think about what it might be like if we had no choice in planning our own families.
Earlier this year my wife and I had our first child. She was 37 and I was 39. I couldn’t imagine being better prepared than we were and yet today our house looks like one of the Wiggles exploded inside it and we are both very, very tired. I often asked myself, how would I ever have coped as a teenage father? What would my life be like if I had not one, but 10 children? While I can never know the answer, my job has given me some reliable insight; it would probably be really tough.
Why These 8 States Could Soon Form the 'great American Desert' Farmers in Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Wyoming and South Dakota are overexploiting the aquifer beneath an American breadbasket, threatening an estimated $35 billion in annual crops. Federal data shows the aquifer shrank twice as fast in the past six years as compared to the previous 60.
What, Me Worry? Humans Are Blind to Imminent Environmental Collapse Wildlife populations globally have plunged by nearly 60 per cent in the past half century. Scientists estimate that the "modern" species extinction rate is 1,000 to as much as 10,000 times the natural background rate. It took all of human history - let's say 200,000 years - for our population to reach one billion in the early 1800s, but only 200 years, 1/1000th as much time, to hit today's 7.6 billion!
New Leaders of the Breakthrough Generation
The New Leaders of the Breakthrough Generation are building in the communities of the future and invite you to scale Tostan! Empowering human rights education has been transforming lives in West Africa for a quarter century and reached 5 million people so far.
New Evidence Confirms Risk That Mideast May Become Uninhabitable The Middle East and North Africa risk becoming uninhabitable in a few decades, as accessible fresh water has fallen by two-thirds over the past 40 years. The region's fresh water resources are among the lowest in the world, and are expected to fall over 50 % by 2050,.
Ice Apocalypse Instead of a three-foot increase in ocean levels by the end of the century, six feet was more likely, according to DeConto and Pollard's findings. Three feet of sea-level rise would be bad, leading to more frequent flooding of U.S. cities such as New Orleans, Houston, New York, and Miami. At six feet, though, around 12 million people in the United States would be displaced, and the world's most vulnerable megacities, like Shanghai, Mumbai, and Ho Chi Minh City, could be wiped off the map.
Better Soil Could Trap as Much Planet-Warming Carbon as Transport Produces - Study Better soil management could boost carbon stored in the top layer of the soil by up to 1.85 gigatonnes each year, about the same as the carbon emissions of transport globally. Agriculture, forestry and changes in land use together produce 21 %of global greenhouse gas emissions, making them the second largest emitter after the energy sector.
Catastrophic Iraq Law Could Legalise Marriage for Children as Young as Nine The legal age for marriage in Iraq is 18, but under the current personal status law, a judge is allowed to permit girls as young as 15 to marry in "urgent" cases.
Would Going Vegan Help Save the Environment? If every American went vegan, agricultural greenhouse gas emissions would decrease 28 %. Although animals now make up some 49% of agricultural emissions in the United States, a vegan nation would eliminate far less than that. Annual emissions would drop from 623 million tons to 446 million tons a year.
The Great Nutrient Collapse Before the industrial revolution, the earth's atmosphere had about 280 parts per million of carbon dioxide. Last year, the planet crossed over the 400 parts per million threshold; scientists predict we will likely reach 550 parts per million within the next half-century. Across nearly 130 varieties of plants and more than 15,000 samples collected from experiments over the past three decades, the overall concentration of minerals like calcium, magnesium, potassium, zinc and iron had dropped by 8 % on average.
15,000 Scientists Give Catastrophic Warning About the Fate of the World in New 'letter to Humanity' In the past 25 years: The amount of fresh water available per head of population worldwide has reduced by 26%. Nearly 300 million acres of forest have been lost, mostly to make way for agricultural land. Human population has risen by 35%, while collectively the number of mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds and fish in the world has fallen by 29%.
Al Gore Wants the US to Help 'stabilize' Global Population Growth The Trump administration reinstated the Mexico City policy in January, blocking U.S. federal funding from going to abortion providers.
The Worrisome Future of Abortion Rights
Sheriff Joe Arpaio used to require pregnant inmates in the Arizona jails he controlled to get a court order before being allowed out of their cells to obtain a desired abortion. Needless to say, he was sued, and needless to say, he lost. (The sheriff appealed to the Supreme Court, which refused to hear the case.) So he switched tactics to require any inmate who wanted an abortion to prepay the transportation and security costs, something not required for any other off-site medical procedure. The American Civil Liberties Union took the sheriff back to court and won again.
That seemed to be that. Following President Trump’s pardon of Mr. Arpaio three months ago for an unrelated contempt of court conviction, the 85-year-old former sheriff, a right-wing hero for his years of abusing immigrants, seemed finally about to fade from the scene.
Prince William Warns Against Overpopulation at Wildlife Charity Event Africa's rapidly growing human population is predicted to more than double by 2050 - a staggering increase of three and a half million people per month.
As UN Climate Talks Convene, the Earth Veers Toward Catastrophe In 1987, Earth Overshoot Day occurred on Dec. 19. In 2017, it moved to Aug. 2, which means that 1.7 earths are needed to sustain current consumption levels. The emissions-pledge pathway negotiated in Paris has a probability of more than 90 % to exceed 2 degrees Celsius, and only a "likely" chance of remaining below 3 degrees Celsius this century. So, even if current commitments were kept, a one-third probability of climate change in excess of 3 degrees Celsius would remain.
Unequal Women, Insecure World: the State of the World's Population in the Age of Inequality If every girl in sub-Saharan Africa received secondary education, there would be a 42% reduction in births, bringing the average number of children per woman in the region down from 6.7 to 3.9. In developing countries, the needs of 12.8 million girls aged 19 and under for family planning are unmet, due to stigma, concerns over confidentiality, or lack of power when they are married to an older man, according to the report.
Trump's 'Global Gag Rule on Steroids' Threatens Congolese Clinics IPPF does provide and support abortions when they are legal in a country and has refused to stop doing so in the face of the global gag rule. It expects that its losses from the Trump administration policy will reach around $100 million. The global gag rule has been expanded under the Trump administration to affect not just US aid for family planning, which is around $600 million, but recipients of all US-funded global health assistance (including for things like Zika and HIV/AIDS) must abide by GGR's rules, which affects 15 times more funding.
Arab World's Water Scarcity Alarms Experts as Region's Population Soars With a twentieth of the world's population but little more than one per cent of its renewable water resources, the Arab world faces major challenges when it comes to water scarcity. 14 of the 20 most water-stressed countries in the world are in the Arab world.
‘Stop Contraceptive Stock-Out To End Unplanned Pregnancies’ it is estimated that 6.8 million pregnancies occur in Nigeria annually, and for every four of these pregnancies, one is unplanned. A woman in developing nations including Nigeria dies of complications arising from an unsafe abortion every eight minutes. Every year, worldwide, about 42 million women with unintended pregnancies choose abortion, and nearly half of these procedures, approximately 20 million of them, are unsafe.
Population Commission: FDA to Declare Contraceptives as Non-abortifacient The Commission on Population announced on Thursday that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is set declare contraceptives non-abortifacient. Only 17 contraceptives are still available in the market, with at least 12 expected to expire in 2018.
Family Planning: a Win-win for Women and Climate Change
The recent publication entitled Drawdown: The most comprehensive plan ever proposed to reverse global warming, details the top 100 solutions that have the greatest potential to reduce emissions or sequester carbon from the atmosphere. The team of over 200 scientists and researchers behind the publication have modelled and detailed 21st century solutions to a 21st century problem, namely those that benefit the environment and society in a variety of ways. It is therefore not shocking (at least to those of us in the sexual and reproductive health and rights, and gender sectors) that girls’ education and family planning rank 6th and 7th respectively on this comprehensive list of solutions to save the planet, sitting well ahead of many infrastructure and energy related solutions, which are the most widely known climate change solutions.
World Food Programme Chief Raises the Alarm on Growing Hunger Crisis in the DRC Across the DRC, about 7.7 million are severely food insecure, with 2 million children acutely malnourished. About 600,000 children are on the brink of starvation and may die if the WFP doesn't receive the money it needs to respond to the conflict.
US Groups Pour Millions Into Anti-abortion Campaign in Latin America and Caribbean Human Life International, a Catholic not-for-profit group from Virginia, had given more than $600,000 to support its work in Central America between 2008 and 2014. An estimated 75% of all abortions in Colombia are illegal and each year 760,000 women are treated for complications arising from unsafe abortions.
Are the Grandkids Worth It? Climate Change Policy Depends on How We Value Human Population When looking at the high-population scenario (16.6 billion people), the economic costs needed to mitigate climate damage were 85% higher in 2025 and 120% higher in 2050 compared to the medium-population scenario (7.3 billion).
Why Family Planning Policy and Practice Must Guarantee a True Choice of Contraceptive Methods In 2014, 25% of female contraceptive users relied on oral contraceptives and 15% relied on condoms as their most effective method. That means that six in 10 female contraceptive users relied on other methods.
Children of Parents Using Birth Control Are Less Likely to End Up in Poverty Families that used these methods had 2.8% higher household incomes. Their offspring were also 7% less likely to live in poverty. They were 12% less likely to live in households that received public assistance.
Use of Contraceptives Remains Low in Rural Women 71% of urban married women aged between 15 and 49 years were on contraceptives compared to 63% of their rural counterparts. 22% of women aged between 15 and 19 years were already child-bearing, 17% of which were already mothers and 5% in their first pregnancies.
Across the World, is Men's Fertility Different From That of Women? Across the world, the mean number of children per man ranges from less than 1 to more than 13, while for women the range is between 1 and 8. It is in subSaharan Africa that male fertility is highest, notably in the Sahelian countries, with 13.6 children per man on average. In most western countries, on the other hand, fertility is low, and men's fertility is slightly below that of women, often by around 0.1 children.
Hunger is on the Rise but We Can Do Something About it Hunger affects 11% of the global population. By the year 2050, it is predicted that the world population will grow to 10 billion. To meet the needs, we will need to increase our food production by 50%.
The Economy Can't Grow Without Birth Control The ACA's requirement that health insurance offer birth control without cost-sharing has resulted in an estimated 57.6 million American women getting contraception without a co-payment. That has saved them a huge amount of money: $1.4 billion in 2013 alone.
Seriously, Why Do Conservatives Hate Birth Control?
If you’re one of the 99 percent of American women who will use birth control at some point in their lives, you may want to pay attention. Last week, a leaked memo showed that the Trump administration intends to cut family planning funding and encourage women—including teenagers—to abandon birth control in favor of the rhythm method.
Maybe next the White House will advise women to just stick an aspirin between our knees.
A Response to "Regarding Population Messaging, Exactly What's the Problem: Growth Or Overpopulation?" World grain consumption has outpaced production in 8 out of the 12 years between 2000 and 2011. Around half of pregnancies in the U.S. and 40% of pregnancies worldwide are unintended. The world's population could reach 9.6 billon by 2050 (medium projection) and nearly 11 billion by 2100, with a high projection of 16 billion by 2100.
Reproductive Health and Rights in An Age of Inequality 68 countries had larger gender gaps in 2016 than in 2015 - a significant step backward as we inch closer to the 2030 deadline of the Sustainable Development Goals. If girls in developing worlds all received secondary education, we would see a 64% decline in child marriage, a 59% decline in early births, and a 42% decline in the fertility rate.
Why Does Green California Pump the Dirtiest Oil in the U.S.? Between 2012 and 2015, the amount of steam injected in California oil fields increased by approximately 30%. A California company says its solar generator could reduce emissions associated with oil production by 80 %.
Egypt Unemployment Rates to Rise 3 Times If Population Growth Continues If Egypt's current population growth rates continue the same until 2030, unemployment rates will rise to three times the current rate and inflation will reach record levels.
Uganda: Health Experts Criticise Govt Over Teen Contraceptive Guidelines In Uganda, 25 % of adolescent girls and young women aged between 15 and 19 are either pregnant or a mother, which percentage is one of the highest in the sub-Saharan Africa.
How a Policy Scare Galvanized a Small Island's Family Planning Sector Teenage pregnancy is all too common in Timor-Leste, where nearly one in four girls and young women have had a child before the age of 20. Of that group aged 15-19 years old, 50 percent already have more than one child. These factors contribute to a high rate of child marriage in the country - one in five girls are married before 18.
Analysis of China's One-child Policy Sparks Uproar Chinese officials have long claimed that the one-child policy-in place from 1980 to 2016-averted some 400 million births. Daniel Goodkind-an analyst at the U.S. Census Bureau, contends that birth-planning policies implemented after 1970 avoided adding between 360 million and 520 million people to China's population. Because the momentum from that decline will continue into later generations, he suggests, the total avoided population could approach 1 billion by 2060.
Egypt Confronts Overpopulation by 'two Children Only' Strategy Every year, Egypt increases by 2.040.000 million people. If the increase rate continues as it is, the government will have to provide in the next three years 20,000 nursery schools, in six years it will have to provide 100,000 schools, and in 25 years it will need to provide 2 million jobs.
Despite Leaving Key Questions Unanswered, New Contraceptive Coverage Exemptions Will Do Clear Harm Without contraceptive coverage, many women would need to pay more than $1,000 out of pocket to start using a highly effective method such as an IUD, contraceptive implant or sterilization.
Leaked Memo Reveals White House Wish List According to the document, the DPC proposes to cut $300 billion from federal compensation over 10 years, in part by phasing out pension and retiree health benefits, and reducing paid leave. The document also forecasts a federal pay freeze for calendar year 2019-a rare step President Trump could take unilaterally.
Give World's Poorest Women Control Over Sex, Birth, to Cut Inequality- UN At least 214 million women in developing nations cannot get access to contraceptives - resulting in 89 million unintended pregnancies and 48 million abortions each year. Universal access to reproductive health services would lead to economic benefits of $430 billion a year. Every $1 invested in family planning services yields up to $6 in savings on public services from health to housing.
Warning of 'ecological Armageddon' After Dramatic Plunge in Insect Numbers The abundance of flying insects in Germany has plunged by three-quarters over the past 25 years. The cause of the huge decline is as yet unclear, although the destruction of wild areas and widespread use of pesticides are the most likely factors and climate change may play a role.
Abortion is a Common Experience for U.S. Women, Despite Dramatic Declines in Rates Nearly one in four women in the United States (23.7%) will have an abortion by age 45. Between 2008 and 2014, the overall U.S. abortion rate declined by 25%, from 19.4 to 14.6 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44. Despite recent declines in abortion, it is still a common procedure, and nearly one in four U.S. women will have an abortion in her lifetime.
Senegal's Youth Tackle Sex Taboos in Bid to Boost Contraceptive Use In Senegal, about one in four married women and girls aged 15 to 49 use modern contraception - up from 12 percent in 2011. But only 7 percent of married teen girls use birth control in a country where one in three are wed before 18.
'If We Thought it was Bad, It's Worse:' Alberta Methane Releases Underestimated The difference between official estimates and the measured results suggests the province's energy industry could have to double its planned methane emission cuts if Alberta is to meet its promised 45% reduction. Methane, a greenhouse gas, is about 30 times more powerful than carbon dioxide.
The Approaching US Energy- Economic Crisis A major reason for falling oil prices is growing wage disparity and the resulting loss in purchasing power for the bottom 90% of workers. In the United States, the bottom 90% obtained about 62% of total income as recently as 1992. In a 2016 Federal Reserve survey, only 49.7% of total income went to the bottom 90%.
Confronting Our Global Growth Obsession Humans have cleared an area the size of South America to grow crops, and an area the size of Africa to raise livestock. CO2 emissions totaled between 35 and 40 billion tons in 2015. Extinctions are about 1,000 times more frequent now than in the 60 million years before people came along.
Death of the Nile For as long as the Nile has flowed, Ethiopia's rains have made up the great bulk - over 80% - of its waters. Egypt, which is mostly desert, receives little rain, and consequently relies on the river for more than 95% of nile water. Ethiopia is adding roughly 2.5 million new people a year. The basin's total population is on track to double to 500 million by 2050.
UN Experts Denounce 'myth' Pesticides Are Necessary to Feed the World The world's population is set to grow from 7 billion today to 9 billion in 2050. The pesticide industry argues that its products - a market worth about $50bn a year and growing - are vital in protecting crops and ensuring sufficient food supplies. The report says pesticides have "catastrophic impacts on the environment, human health and society as a whole", including an estimated 200,000 deaths a year from acute poisoning.
Trump Policy Slashes Funds for Family Planning in Madagascar The loss of USAID funding has forced Marie Stopes to shut down a voucher program in Madagascar that allowed low-income women to get contraceptives for free at private clinics. And by the end of the year, it's planning to wind down 21 of its 22 mobile contraception clinics, which were funded entirely by USAID. More than 75 % of the Madagascar's population lives in poverty.
Health Department Draft Plan Declares Life Begins at Conception
The Department of Health and Human Services released its strategic plan for 2018 to 2022 last month. As Jezebel reported Tuesday, the introduction now includes: “HHS accomplishes its mission through programs and initiatives that cover a wide spectrum of activities, serving and protecting Americans at every stage of life, beginning at conception.” The concept of “life at conception” is mentioned four more times in the 65-page report.
This idea has long been used by the anti-abortion community as justification for its protests, constant attempts to pass anti-abortion legislation (like the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act, which the House passed last week, that would ban abortions after 20 weeks) and remains a pillar of the religious far-right’s agenda.
Educating Girls: the Key to Tackling Global Poverty 130 million girls globally are out of school and 15 million girls of primary school age will never even enter a classroom. Every year 15 million girls under the age of 18 are married.
In West Africa, Youth Ambassadors Serve as Family Planning Advocates While the world averages 2.4 children per woman, African women average 4.7 children. West Africa surpasses even the African average with five children per woman, and a 17% modern contraception prevalence rate as compared to the global rate of 64%.
Arumeru Women Reluctant to Practise Family Planning for Fear of Being Sterile, Getting Cancer In 2013, family planning uptake was 27 per cent and had increased to 40 per cent this year. This is despite Tanzania fertility rate still being high as population is growing at a rate of 2.7 per cent per annum.
It took 200,000 years for our human population to reach 1 billion-and only 200 years to reach 7 billion. But growth has begun slowing, as women have fewer babies on average. When will our global population peak? And how can we minimize our impact on Earth's resources, even as we approach 11 billion?
Women who get intra-uterine devices (IUDs) for birth control appear to face a one-third lower risk of getting cervical cancer, the third most common cancer in women worldwide, said the review in the journal Obstetrics and Gynecology, which included 16 previous studies spanning more than 12,000 women around the globe.
Lead author Victoria Cortessis, associate professor of clinical preventive medicine at the Keck School of Medicine, part of the University of Southern California said: "The possibility that a woman could experience some help with cancer control at the same time she is making contraception decisions could potentially be very, very impactful."
One theory as to why the risk of cervical cancer drops so much, is that the devices stimulate an immune response that helps fight off cancer-causing infections like the human papillomavirus (HPV).
Another possibility is that when women have the devices removed, precancerous cells are scraped away that might otherwise grow into tumors.
Cervical cancer kills about 270,000 women per year and infects more than 528,000, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
In a study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry, researchers in Denmark report that women taking hormonal contraceptives - like birth control pills, the patch, the ring and hormonal IUDs - have up to triple the risk of suicide as women who never took hormonal birth control., and last year these same researches suggested that hormonal contraceptives were linked to a 70% higher risk of depression, which itself is associated with suicide.
However, the absolute risk of suicide associated with hormonal contraceptives is still extremely low, say the researchers.
They agree that the findings aren't robust enough to discourage women from using hormonal contraceptives. But they say the results should prompt doctors to discuss the potential side effects of contraceptives and to pay more attention to women who might be at higher risk, like those who have a history of depression or mood disorders.
But some scientists say the study may not have accounted for all of the potential reasons why women who use contraceptives differ from those who do not. For example, women using contraceptives are more likely to be in relationships, and that may predispose them to a higher likelihood of emotional challenges - especially for younger women, "For them, they are still more insecure in relationships and may suffer more from breakups, unhappy events and things like that," speculates Karin Michels, professor and chair of epidemiology at University of California Los Angeles.
Health ministry releases video praising the healthy lifestyle and reproduction of rabbits to encourage couples to have more childrenNovember 8, 2017, Guardian
The Polish government is encouraging citizens to go forth and multiply - like rabbits.
The health ministry of Poland has put out a short YouTube video praising rabbits for producing a lot of offspring.
It is the latest step by the conservative government in this mostly Catholic country of 38 million to reverse a shrinking population. European Union figures show that Poland's birth rate was 1.32 children per woman in 2015. Portugal had a lower fertility rate, and Spain and Greece were almost as low as Poland.
A recent UNICEF report tells of both the potential of Africa's young population and the immense groundwork necessary to translate population shifts into economic prosperity. A large share of the population will be under age 18 by 2050.
Half of the world's population will live in Africa by 2050. The continent will need to train 5.8 million teachers and 5.6 million health workers by 2030.
Most African countries are now seeing a decline in birth and death rates and a shift in working-age populations that could accelerate economic growth.
"Human potential needs to be invested in to be realized," David Anthony, co-author of Generation 2030 Africa 2.0 and UNICEF head of policy analysis, said. "That means three things: you need to be healthy, educated, and empowered."
The report recommends a scale up essential services in health, social welfare, and protection to meet international recommendations; a transformation of educational, skills, and vocational learning systems through curriculum reform and access to technology; and the protection of Africa's women and children from abuse and harmful cultural practices.
Government expenditures on education in Africa range from 5% in countries such as Kenya to 2.5 % in Sierra Leone. The global average is 4.7%. Spending on health care is also generally below the global average of 10% of GDP.
The African Union named 2017 the "year of harnessing the demographic dividend through investments in youth," and has held high-level policy meetings, donor roundtables, and youth forums to promote employment, entrepreneurship, education, skills development, health, rights, governance, and youth empowerment.
While the continent has seen a significant decrease in under 5 mortality and an increase in the number of births overseen by skilled attendants, on the other hand, 26% of women have unmet family planning needs and about 39% of girls are child brides, serving as a bleak reminder of areas that need improvement.
If not adequately harnessed, population transitions could have a devastating impact on development efforts and stability, said Anthony.
The report also said that educational systems must prepare youth for the current and future job market.
Anthony said reaping a demographic dividend will require a balance of sound strategies, enhanced implementation capacity, financing, and political will.
"It's more of an issue of prioritization,” he said. "We would encourage governments ... to refocus attention on investments on children and youth, which are by far their greatest assets - much more than oil and agriculture.”
Tanzania is doing well in economy in Africa but needs to improve water resource management, according to the latest World Bank report.November 7, 2017, Daily News
In Tanzania water resources have remained the same while the population has doubled and the size of the economy has more than tripled over the last 25 years. Water resources recently dropped below 1,700 cubic meters per capita meaning that the country has joined the ranks of the world's water stressed countries.
"This is still well in excess of the 1,000 cubic metres per person that is internationally considered to be threshold for absolute scarcity, but it is below the 1,700 cubic metres level that the United Nations considers countries to be water stressed," World Bank expert, William Rex said.
The figure will continue to decline, reaching around 1,400 by 2025, he said.
Most rain falls in two to three months of the year and after accounting for environmental flow requirements, national demand in Tanzania is already 150% of accessible water during dry periods.
Agriculture currently uses 89% of the total water of Tanzania's utilized water resources. The global average is around 70%.
The Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Water and Irrigation, Prof Kitila Mkumbo said measures include coordination of institutions dealing with water management for coordinated efforts on water resource management. The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Southern Agricultural Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT), Geoffrey Kirenga said enforcement of regulations governing water use and management was vital to improve management of water.
The Trump administration's recent rule change makes it harder for women to obtain birth control, and the impact will reverberate far beyond simply inconveniencing women.
All of us - our families, our communities, our economy - pay a price when there are barriers to contraceptive access and The Trump administration's recent rule change makes it harder for women to obtain birth control,
Nearly half of all pregnancies in the United States are unplanned, resulting in 1.5 million unplanned births each year. Two-thirds of these births are paid for with public dollars at $21 billion a year, including public outlays for prenatal care, labor and delivery, postpartum care and years of infant care.
Babies born as a result of unplanned pregnancy are significantly more likely to arrive preterm or at a low birth weight. This can lead to developmental problems and other health complications that often create lifelong issues and lead to pricey medical bills.
When there is an unplanned pregnancy, young women often put their education on hold or leave the workforce, lowering earning potential and increasing the likelihood of poverty for them and their children.
Almost 50% of all unplanned pregnancies occur to women using a contraceptive method that isn't working well for them. The places where many women get their healthcare make it very difficult to access the most effective methods of birth control, IUDs and implants.
When women have same-day access to the full range of birth control methods, and can choose the one that works best for them without cost, we start to stem the tide of unplanned pregnancy.
It is important that clinics offer free same-day access to all contraceptives. Helping women achieve their own goals and empowering them to decide when and if they want to become pregnant improves economic and health outcomes for parents, children, and communities.
Delaware had the highest rate of unplanned pregnancies in the country - 57%. But then they worked to to reduce barriers and improve access to birth control. Today, any woman in Delaware can get access to the method of birth control she wants for free. Health centers now reach almost 80% of women in the state.
When Colorado invested in their family planning programs, the state saw a savings of $5.85 for every $1 that was invested.
Reducing access to birth control hurts women, families, and the economy. Our work is dedicated to ensuring providers offer all women - no matter where they live, their income, or their insurance status - easy, affordable access to the full range of birth control options. Doing anything less harms us all.
Entertainment that can #CHANGEHERSTORYNovember 1, 2017, Population Media Center
PMC's TV and radio shows get more than top ratings. This is storytelling that changes lives.
While being entertained, people's day-to-day experiences are changed by these stories. We all learn by watching role models. PMC's shows change ideas, self-perception, and self-confidence for millions of people at a time.
The Affordable Care Act's requirement that health insurance offer birth control without cost-sharing has resulted in an estimated 57.6 million American women getting contraception without a co-payment, saving $1.4 billion in 2013 alone.
But the Trump administration's new rules, effective immediately after the announcement, allow any employer to request that the government let it opt out based on religious or moral objections.
This month, Democrats introduced a bill that would undo the Trump administration's recent change to the ACA that would allow virtually any employer to deny its employees access to contraception without a co-payment, allowing the employer to opt out based on religious or moral objections.
Access to contraception is not only about women's health, it also profoundly affects the economy. The easier it is for women to obtain birth control, the more able they are to gain education and employment, which has been shown to be enormously important for the economy. Mr. Trump has promised economic growth at rates we haven't seen in decades. But his actions that would reduce access to contraception is at odds with that statement.
Before the A.C.A., 85% of health insurance plans at large companies offered contraceptive coverage, but most required at least a co-payment. Individual women paid about $250 a year.
The Trump administration says that women can still get inexpensive birth control, asserting that "many forms of contraception are available for around $50 a month." That is $600 a year, no small item in many people's budgets, particularly for low-wage workers. The cost of an intrauterine device, one of the most effective forms of contraception, is about the same as a month's minimum-wage pay.
High birth rates have historically lowered women's ability to get and keep paid work because holding down a job becomes a lot more difficult when it has to be balanced with pregnancies and raising children. That's particularly true if women aren't even in control of when they become pregnant.
In the late 1960s and early '70s women gained greater access to the pill, and they were able to delay marriage and childbirth and invest in careers through education, job training and staying in paid work.
This increased young women's labor force participation by 7%. Women with earlier access to the pill also made 8% more than their peers, and the pill was responsible for about a third of the decrease in the gender wage gap by 1990.
Half of women who use contraception say it is to complete education or to get and keep a job.
President Trump says he wants to grow the economy by 4% a year or more, something it hasn't done for any sustained amount of time over a decade. Consumer spending comprises about 70% of all economic growth, and women are responsible for a large portion of that spending. One clear way to spur economic growth is to entice more people to participate in it. The high growth rates during the Reagan years were linked in part to women continuing to enter the workplace. But women are already trickling out of the work force, and it could get worse with more unexpected pregnancies.
Before 1973, abortion in the U.S. was severely restricted. More than 40 years later Roe v. Wade is under attack, and access increasingly depends on a woman's income or zip codeAugust 15, 2017, Scientific American By: Rachel Benson Gold and Megan K. Donovan
From 2011 to 2016, more than 40 years after Roe v. Wade, state governments enacted a stunning 338 abortion restrictions, and the onslaught continues with more than 50 new restrictions so far this year. At the federal level, the Trump administration and congressional leaders are openly hostile to abortion rights and access to reproductive health care more generally. This antagonism is currently reflected in an agenda that seeks to eliminate insurance coverage of abortion and roll back public funding for family-planning services nationwide.
When the nation was founded, abortion was generally permitted by states under common law. In the mid-1800s, it started becoming criminalized, and by 1900 almost every state had enacted a law declaring most abortions to be criminal offenses.
Even so, abortion remained common because there were few effective ways to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Well into the 1960s, laws restricted or prohibited outright the sale and advertising of contraceptives, making it impossible for many women to obtain -- or even know about -- effective birth control. An estimated 200,000 to 1.2 million U.S. women underwent illegal abortions each year in the 1950s and 1960s, many in unsafe conditions.
In 1965, illegal abortion accounted for an estimated 17% of all officially reported pregnancy-related deaths. The actual number may have been much higher, but many deaths were officially attributed to other causes, perhaps to protect women and their families. In contrast, only four deaths resulted from complications of legally induced abortion in 2012 of a total of about one million procedures.
In the pre-Roe era women of means were often able to navigate the system and obtain a legal abortion with help from their private physician. Between 1951 and 1962, 88 percent of legal abortions performed in New York City were for patients of private physicians rather than for women accessing public health services.
Poor women and women of color often had to go outside the system, often under dangerous and deadly circumstances. In a study of low-income women in New York from the same period, one in 10 said they had tried to terminate a pregnancy illegally.
It was only in 1967 that Colorado became the first state to reform its abortion law, permitting the procedure on grounds that included danger to the pregnant woman's life or health. By 1972, 13 states had similar statutes, and an additional four, including New York, had repealed their antiabortion laws completely. Then came Roe v. Wade in 1973-and the accompanying Doe v. Bolton decision -- both of which affirmed abortion as a constitutional right.
The future of Roe is under threat as a result of President Donald Trump's commitment to appointing justices to the Supreme Court who he says will eventually overturn Roe. Should that happen, 19 states already have laws on the books that could be used to restrict the legal status of abortion, and experts at the Center for Reproductive Rights estimate that the right to abortion could be at risk in as many as 33 states and the District of Columbia.
In light of state and federal policy makers' hostility to abortion, a commonsense policy goal would be to provide all women access to quality, affordable contraceptive care. In addition to respecting women's human rights and yielding significant health, social and economic benefits, this step would also lead to fewer unintended pregnancies. In 2014 the U.S. abortion rate reached its lowest level ever recorded, and strong evidence suggests that the steep drop in abortion between 2008 and 2014 was driven largely by improved contraceptive use. Notably, these declines happened in almost all 50 states, including those such as California and New York that are broadly supportive of abortion rights.
But the Trump administration and congressional leaders are moving in the opposite direction by pursuing plans that would undermine women's ability to obtain the contraceptive care they need. These attacks include attempts to roll back the many gains of the Affordable Care Act, gut Medicaid and undercut the critically important Title X national family-planning program, even while attacking Planned Parenthood, a trusted provider of contraceptive services for millions.
We need to protect and build on gains already made. Stark racial, ethnic and income disparities persist in sexual and reproductive health outcomes. As of 2011, the unintended pregnancy rate among poor women was five times that of women with higher incomes, and the rate for black women was more than double that for whites. Abortion restrictions -- including the discriminatory Hyde Amendment, which prohibits the use of federal dollars to cover abortion care for women insured through Medicaid-fall disproportionately on poor women and women of color.
Population growth can be slowed, stopped and reversed, even though it has rocketed in this century and last. A sustainable reduction in global population could happen within decades, according to the United Nations' most optimistic scenario. Its main population prediction is in the middle of that range - 9.8bn in 2050 and 11.2bn in 2100. But if there were just half-a-child less, on average, per family in the future than assumed, there woud be two billion fewer of us than expected by 2050 - and five billion fewer of us by the end of the century.
Countries have had dramatic success in reducing their birth rates. Thailand reduced its fertility rate by nearly 75% in just two generations with a creative and ethical family planning program. Fertility rates in Asia have dropped by nearly 10% in 10 years.
Over 200 million women who want to avoid pregnancy are not using modern contraception. Reasons for this include lack of access, concerns about side-effects and social pressure not to use it. Most of these women live in poor countries, where population is set to rise by 3 billion by 2100. Overseas aid support for family planning is essential - making sure supplies are adequate.
People choose not to use contraception because they are influenced by assumptions, practices and pressures within their nations or communities. In some places, very large family sizes are considered desirable; sometimes the use of contraception is discouraged or forbidden.
However programs that change attitudes towards contraception and family size have been very successful. Religious barriers may also be bypassed. In Iran the country's religious leader declared the use of contraception was consistent with Islamic belief and a very successful family planning campaign was initiated. Portugal and Italy have some of the lowest fertility rates in spite of the fact that they are predominantly Catholic.
Escaping poverty is a vital way to bring birth rates down. Decreasing child mortality, improving education and providing people with economic opportunities all help to reduce fertility. International aid, fair trade and global justice will help bring global population back to sustainable levels.
Where women and girls have economic empowerment, education and freedom, they normally choose to have smaller families. Greater freedom usually leads to greater uptake of family planning and ending child marriage pushes back the age at which women have their first child, which often reduces family size.
African women with no education have, on average, 5.4 children; women who have completed secondary school have 2.7 and those who have a college education have 2.2. When family sizes are smaller, that also empowers women to gain education, take work and improve their economic opportunities.
In the developed world, most of us have the power to choose the size of our families [Note: 50% of pregnancies in the U.S. are unintended]. We also have a disproportionate impact on the global environment through our high level of consumption and greenhouse gas emissions - in the UK, for instance, each individual produces 70 times more carbon than someone from Niger.
With seven men and zero women standing behind him, President Trump signed the global gag rule, a presidential memorandum that prohibiited international organizations receiving U.S. global health assistance from using their own, non-U.S. funds, to provide or refer women to abortion services.
This act of a group of men blocking women's access to abortion harks back to the centuries that men have controlled women's bodies and lives. For this reason, it might be that we want men to have little or nothing to do with women's sexual and reproductive health rights.
But would women be better off? Excluding all men from discussions around sexual and reproductive rights would be a disservice to women. It keeps the burden for contraception on women. It halts efforts that encourage men to support the reproductive choices of their female partners, and perpetuates a culture in which no man is perceived to be, or engaged to be, an ally in ensuring reproductive rights of all people.
After all, men are half of the human reproductive process. But they represent only about 25% of total contraceptive use, including withdrawal, vasectomy, and male condoms. It has been this way since the 1980s, even though vasectomy is cheaper and safer than female sterilization.
Other male contraceptive methods are being developed. The most recent trial of a male hormonal contraceptive method was halted in 2016 due to negative side effects.
But millions of women report not using contraceptives because of their husbands, therefore we do need men on board: In 2012, the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), the Gates Foundation and the UK government created Family Planning 2020 (FP2020), with the goal of reaching 120 million of the world's poorest women with contraception. But as of July, only a quarter of their target had been reached and a key obstacle was men's attitudes toward women's usage of family planning. We can do better.
Donors, governments, and public health agencies need to talk to men about supporting women's reproductive health. In the world's poorest countries many men want more children than their female partners, while in other countries, many men support their wives' decisions to have fewer children.
Should abortion stay in the realm of exclusively women's decision-making? Yes, but many women confide in male partners on this issue. Surveys found that 40% to 90% of women had involved a male partner in a decision to have an abortion. We can work to make men's involvement respectful and supportive. Women and men, boys and girls, of all ages should be educated about contraception and abortion, and why both are critical components of comprehensive health services and rights. In addition, surveys in the U.S. show that men are as likely as women to support keeping abortion legal.
We need men around the world to join women and show in their voting, their voices, and their decisions that they stand up every day for women's reproductive rights. We need fathers and mothers around the world to talk to their children, from early on, in open and feminist ways, about sex, sexuality, gender identity and expression, choice, rights, and contraception. We need men and women to vote for school board members who support comprehensive sexuality education, and speak out against violence against women.
Bangladesh has grown from 75 million people in 1971 to almost 160 million today, more than double in 46 years. The United Nations estimated in 2015 that the population of Bangladesh would be about 202 million in 2050.
The last census (2011) showed an increase of more than 20% in a decade, which is higher than that of immediate past decade seen from 1991 to 2001 at 17%.
Bangladesh has a population an average population density of 1,070 persons per sq. km, which is one of the highest in the world. The life expectancy at birth is 71 years, with women having slightly higher lifespan than men (72 years vs. 69 years).
Bangladesh is now experiencing a demographic transition with the continuous decline trend of the natural growth rate. The population growth rate in Bangladesh was 1.37%. Bangladesh is an intermediate position between low-growth countries, such as Thailand, Sri Lanka and Myanmar and medium growth. Medium growth countries in the region are India and Malaysia.
Bangladesh's Family Planning Program has had a tremendous role in slowing population growth over the last 50 years. Bangladesh's progress in the family planning movement has been cited as one of the role models to follow. Family Planning was introduced in Bangladesh (then East Pakistan) in the early 1950s through the voluntary efforts of social and medical workers. The government of Bangladesh, recognizing the urgency of its goal to achieve moderate population growth, adopted family planning as a government sector program.
Beginning in 1972, the FP program received virtually unanimous, high-level political support. In 1976, the government declared the rapid growth of the population as the country's number one problem and adopted multi-sectoral FP program along with National Population Policy.
From extremely high levels of 6.3 in 1975, to 3.3 in the year 2000, the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) now stands as 2.3 according to the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2014, which is still some distant away from replacement fertility levels. According to the Population Reference Bureau (PRB) in 2003, even if Bangladesh reached replacement level fertility, population stabilization would take another 15 years, and the growth is being fuelled by the large young population of the country. PRB predicted the replacement level fertility by 2010 which did not take happen.
The 1980s saw a steep decline in TFR.This was followed by a decade-long plateau which was the consequence of a 'tempo effect'. The adoption of FP by Bangladeshi couples has always been after the first birth. The age at marriage did not change and there was no delay in age at first birth, and as such, no tempo effect was operating on first births. The 2004 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey showed a 9% reduction in fertility, from 3.3 to 3.0, over a decade. The 2011 BDHS confirmed a further decline in TFR to 2.3 children per woman but again it has stalled. Now, however, fertility levels are quite uneven - remarkably low in the west of the country (below replacement, on average) and worryingly high in the east (up to 1.5 children above replacement).
In order to attain any of the reasonable population estimates projected for mid-century (which range from 194 to 222 million) a substantial increase in the contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) will be required in the next five years by 2022. This target could theoretically be achieved if all current unmet needs for FP (12% in 2011) are met.
Bangladesh has considerable built-in population momentum because of high fertility in the past, and even with reduced fertility, many young women will pass through reproductive ages over the coming decades. During the first decade of the 21st century, the number of women of reproductive age increased from around 32 million to 41 million as the children born in the higher fertility 1970s and early 1980s entered their childbearing years, according to UN estimates.
Investments in female primary and secondary education in Bangladesh manifest themselves in improved opportunities for formal sector employment for young women, and parents will tend to favor smaller families, investing more per child in education-quality versus quantity. This trend will also be influenced by the saturation of the rural labour force and the fragmentation of agricultural land holdings such that there will be decreasing employment opportunities for unskilled workers.
Having a huge mass in the youth age population is worrying. If they don't get the job on time or get the opportunity to have the skills for future earnings, some of the social menaces will continue, like dropping out from the schools, early marriages followed by early pregnancies. This vicious cycle will become the hindrances of our national programs that contribute to continue fertility decline and population growth.
A stagnating CPR is a cause for concern. While the government through its new plans to expand the contraceptive mix by specially promoting permanent methods, it should also think of fertility awareness based methods, such as long acting methods (LAM), which mimic traditional methods and may be more acceptable to users of traditional methods.
To increase levels of unmet need, the government, with help from its non-governmental partners, should continue with its family planning messaging and counseling services and try and match the demand for family planning services and supplies.
Bangladesh has a high adolescent fertility rate, one of the highest amongst the south-east Asia region nations. Early initiation of child bearing leads to rapid increases in population by not only lengthening the productive period in the woman's life, but also by shortening the inter-generational span. As most of the adolescent child bearing occurs within the realm of marriage, it means that the law governing the age at marriage needs a much stricter reinforcement. It is heartening that the government plans to make special efforts to reach out to adolescents with family planning messages and individual and community level counseling services.