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Maasai Harmonial Mission: To improve the livelihoods and health of the impoverished pastoral people of Emburbul Village and to empower the girls and women of Emburbul to control their own reproduction, their own lives, and their own bodies.
Transition Earth Promotes human rights and nature's rights in a world of unsustainable population and economic growth and advocates for global systems change to enable the shift to a sustainable planet for all
Population Media Center Strives to improve the health and well-being of people around the world through the use of entertainment-education strategies, like serialized dramas on radio and television, in which characters evolve into role models for the audience for positive behavior change."
EngenderHealth For 65 years, Engenderhealth has improved the lives of men, women, and families through its work in family planning, maternal health, HIV, and AIDS, gender equality, and many other programs
Central Asia Institute Mission: To promote and support community-based education, especially for girls, in remote areas of Pakistan and Afghanistan. 'Three Cups of Tea' is the inspiring book about the founder of this organization
Sierra Club Global Population and Environment Program
Seeks to protect the global environment, preserve natural resources for future generations, and foster healthy communities by advancing sustainable development solutions by:
- promoting increased access to voluntary family planning and reproductive
health information and services
- advocating for women's and girls' basic rights, including health care, education, and economic opportunity
- raising public awareness of wasteful resource consumption in the context of social and economic equity
- empowering youth leaders
Center for Biological Diversity - Population and Sustainability "Through the empowerment of women, education of all people, universal access to birth control, and a societal commitment to ensuring that all species are given a chance to live and thrive, we can reduce our own population to an ecologically sustainable level. This will decrease human poverty and crowding, increase our standard of living, and sustain the lives of plants, animals, and ecosystems everywhere." .... Follow the link to a beautiful presentation on Overpopulation.
Global Footprint Network Our mission is to promote a sustainable economy by advancing the Ecological Footprint, a measurement tool that makes the reality of planetary limits relevant to decision-makers.
WOA!s Population Impacts and Solutions (Youtube playlist) The consequnces of overpopulation could be catastrophic, and resources are already being seriously depleted, but if we spend more money on the various and already successful programs for education and voluntary family planning, we have a good chance to soften the damage.
Our Origins Are Our Destiny Bob Walker of Population Institute discusses the origins of population growth and its implications for the future, covering social change, scarcity, and environmentalism along the way.
Population Media Center: Power of Stories Population Media Center (PMC) works worldwide using entertainment-education for social change. PMCs programs encourage positive behavior change among the audience.
Warren Buffett: We Only Have One Planet Terre Blair interviewing an extraordinary group of leaders to find solutions to some of the most urgent challenges facing humanity: global climate change, financial mayhem, nuclear attacks, cyber threats, political paralysis (and population). Here is an excerpt with Warren Buffett, Ted Turner, the Dalai Lama and Thomas Friedman.
When Abortion was Illegal: Untold Stories (1992) This Academy Award-nominated film features compelling first person accounts which reveal the physical, legal, and emotional consequences during the era when abortion was a criminal act.
Saving Lives by Saving Trees to the rainforest and to the villagers who lived within it. Today, the clinic she founded provides affordable healthcare for the communities of Gunung Palung, and has not just improved the lives of residents, but also introduced alternative income sources and dramatically reduced illegal logging of the rainforest.
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Note: not all articles align with WOA!s position
It's Okay to Be "selfish" Sometimes: the Effect of Cultural Trends on Birth Rate The number of births per year in the United States is at a record low. Last year the fertility rate fell to 60.2 births per 1,000 women aged 15-44, a 3 % decrease from 2016. The teen birth rate fell 39 % between 1991 and 2009, and is now at a record low for all race groups.
HSBC Warns that Earth is Running Out of Resources for Life The world spent its entire natural resource budget for the year by August 1. In 1970, we "overshot" Earth's resource budget by only 2 days - Overshoot Day fell on December 29. Global temperatures by the year 2100 could be up to 15% higher than the highest projections from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
FDA Approves New Vaginal Ring for One Year of Birth Control FDA today approved Annovera which is a combined hormonal contraceptive for women of reproductive age used to prevent pregnancy and is the first vaginal ring contraceptive that can be used for an entire year. About two to four women out of 100 women may get pregnant during the first year they use Annovera.
It's Time for a Focused Climate Change Public Engagement Strategy: "it's About Health, Stupid."
As communities around the world step up with actions to limit global warming and accelerate the global transition to clean energy, questions abound about how to build public and political support for a 21st Century clean energy economy and other climate solutions. Many members of the public and policy makers—perhaps especially Americans—erroneously think of climate change as an environmental problem whose effects are largely distant from us—in time (i.e., not yet), in space (i.e., not here), and in species (i.e., not us). In reality, human-caused climate change is causing harm now (i.e., today), here (i.e., in communities across the U.S. and worldwide), to us (i.e., to people as well as to plants, penguins and polar bears).
Although the public is not well versed in any of the vexing ways that climate change is harming us and our world—including making our weather more dangerous, threatening our food and fresh water supplies, and damaging our infrastructure and coastal communities—we contend that the most important public education opportunities may be found in communicating the myriad ways that climate change is harming our health, and the truly profound health benefits associated with clean energy. Similarly, we contend that educating the public and policy makers about the many vexing harms associated with air pollution—which like climate change is caused primarily by the burning of fossil fuels—creates important opportunities to build public and political will for public health and climate solutions.
Tanzania: 'unchecked Population Rise Fuels Land Crisis' Almost 3 % population growth has led to land crisis, including invasion of land for agriculture which pose a threat to protection of the environment and implementation of land master plan.
Will Paul Ehrlich's Prediction Finally Come True? In the period 1975-2018, world population increased steadily at 83 million per year, and reached 7.6 billion in 2018. Despite population growth, the global average daily food supply per person rose from 2,440 kilocalories in 1975 to 2,940 kilocalories in 2015. However, over 800 million people are undernourished and over 600 million adults are obese.
Time is Running Out in the Tropics: Researchers Warn of Global Biodiversity Collapse Although the tropics cover just 40% of the planet, they are home to more than three-quarters of all species including almost all shallow-water corals and more than 90% of the world's bird species. Although they cover just 0.1% of the ocean surface, coral reefs provide fish resources and coastal protection for up to 200 million people.
Most Kenyan Catholics Approve of Condoms, Family Planning Almost 60 % of Catholics in Kenya disagree with the Vatican's ban on the use of prophylactics and opt instead to use birth control methods. Globally, 78 % of Catholics support the use of contraceptives.
Who Gets Legal Abortions in America? Mothers. 26 % of American women receiving abortion already have one child and 33 % have two or more. On television, 32.5 % of women who obtain abortions were below 20 even though less than 12 % of women in real life who receive abortions are under 20. On television, half of women get abortions when it interferes with their opportunities. Meanwhile, 40 % of women in real life get abortions because they are not financially prepared to raise children.
Telemedicine Could Help Fill the Gaps in America's Abortion Care Between 2008 and 2015, four Planned Parenthood clinics in Iowa performed 8,765 abortions via telemedicine. Based on the records of nearly 20,000 patients, a study of the Iowa program showed that the telemedicine abortion was just as safe and effective as meeting with a doctor face to face. Currently, Planned Parenthood affiliates in 10 states offer telemedicine abortion. 19 states currently ban telemedicine abortion.
One of the Largest Banks Issued An Alarming Warning That Earth is Running Out of the Resources to Sustain Life The world spent its entire natural resource budget for the year by August 1. In 1970, we "overshot" Earth's resource budget by only 2 days - Overshoot Day fell on December 29. Global temperatures by the year 2100 could be up to 15% higher than the highest projections from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Earth Overshoot Day: Time for a Radical Rethink As of Wednesday, August 1, 2018, we have officially used up all of the Earth's resources for the year - and there are still five months left to go. High-income countries currently need 1.7 planets to support all of humanity's demand on Earth's ecosystems. If we were to cut our global carbon use in half, the date of Earth Overshoot Day would be pushed back by about three months.
America's Middle Class is Slowly Being 'wiped Out' Before the 2008 crash, only one-quarter of Americans viewed themselves as lower class or lower-middle class. After the recession of 2008, a full 40% of Americans viewed themselves as being at the bottom of the pyramid. The United States has the largest wealth inequality gap of the 200 countries in the Global Wealth Report of 2015.
Extreme Oil Price Volatility: Bad Sign That All is Not Well in the Markets When the stock markets suffered a correction at the end of January, the oil price fell 12% in a matter of a few weeks. And more recently, the oil price shot up 15% from a low of $64 to a closing high of $74. This huge 15% increase took place in the last two weeks of June.
Family Planning Can Mean Big Progress for the Sustainable Development Goals-and Here's How If Malawi fails to meet its Family Planning 2020 (FP2020) commitment by 2030, its drinking water and housing systems would worsen. However, if it put in place the investments and policies needed to reach or even exceed its FP2020 goals,it could see a 10-11 % increase in the use of safely managed drinking water services, and a 65 percent improvement in housing conditions, in just over a decade.
Ocean Acidification to Hit Levels Not Seen in 14 Million Years Around a third of the CO2 released by burning coal, oil and gas gets dissolved into the oceans. Since the beginning of the industrial era, the ocean has absorbed around 525 billion tons of CO2, equivalent to around 22 million tons per day.
Sex Ed, Birth Control and Getting Through School in the Trump Era Title X provides family planning and reproductive healthcare to 6.2 million women with and without insurance, most of whom are uninsured or ineligible for Medicaid. The unintended pregnancy rate for girls ages 15-19 would be 44% higher without Title X funding. Only 40% of teen mothers finish high school, while less than 2% receive their college degree before age 30.
Removing Options. Restoring Order.
Proponents of family planning and reproductive rights have gone too far.
But we — President Trump and his administration — have moved quickly to fight this threat, enacting policies that put morality and religion back at the heart of American health care.
Meat Consumption, Health, and the Environment Livestock constitute 40% of agricultural output by price and meat production, and processing and retailing is a substantial economic sector in most countries. 34,000 cancer deaths per year worldwide are attributable to diets high in processed meat. Livestock production is responsible for ~15% of all anthropogenic (carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide ) emissions. 71% of rainforest conversion in South America has been for cattle ranching and a further ~14% for commercial cropping.
Child Marriage in Latin America and the Caribbean Nearly 1 in 4 girls across Latin America and the Caribbean are married before the age of 18. Latin America and the Caribbean is the only region in the world where there has been no significant decline or change in rates of child marriage in the last 30 years.
Women Fight Back Against Peru's National Sterilisation Scheme
Josefina Quispe is one of thousands of indigenous Peruvian women who say they were forcibly sterilised as part of a national family planning scheme.
Global Temperature Projections Could Double as the World Burns An increase of 4 degrees Celsius (4°C) - which is essentially the current trajectory we are on to reach by 2100 - could cut US corn production nearly in half. Global crop yields could be reduced by nearly one-third with a 4°C temperature increase.
Why is the World's Population Growing Faster Than Expected? If the latest projections prove to be accurate, we need to plan for about a 10% increase in the needed supply of food, drinking water, and energy, and in carbon dioxide emissions by 2050, compared to a projection from just 15 years earlier.
Limits to Growth was Right. New Research Shows We're Nearing Collapse If the present growth trends in world population, industrialisation, pollution, food production, and resource depletion continue unchanged, the limits to growth on this planet will be reached sometime within the next one hundred years. The most probable result will be a rather sudden and uncontrollable decline in both population and industrial capacity.
A Long Fuse: 'the Population Bomb' is Still Ticking 50 Years After Its Publication Global population has increased at a remarkably steady rate since 1968, and the United Nations projects that it will reach 9.8 billion by 2050 and 11.2 billion by 2100. Limiting warming in this century to 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius) would require cutting global greenhouse gas emissions 40 to 70 % by 2050 and nearly eliminating them by 2100.
Failure to Empower Women & Girls is the Greatest Obstacle to Peace, Health and Global Sustainability
Somewhere in the world, a father is giving away his 13-year-old daughter to a man at least twice her age. The price for the precious exchange could be as small as a few head of livestock. That young adolescent is now the older man’s wife. His servant. His property. It happens every day. And the tragedy doesn’t stop there. Once married, many girls and women are coerced into having large numbers of children.
"Thanos Did Nothing Wrong"? 1000s Embrace the Population Control Philosophy of Marvel's Most Twisted Super-villain
“Thanos did nothing wrong” has become one of the most common mantras on the Internet in recent days, and it just sparked one of the biggest events in Reddit history, but most people still don’t understand what all of the commotion is about. So let me try to break it down very simply. In the most recent Avengers movie, the story centers around a super-villain named Thanos that intends to wipe out half of all life in the universe. He does not want to do this just to be evil, but rather his plan is to get population growth under control so that those that remain will be able to enjoy happy, sustainable lives. If that sounds uncomfortably close to something that you have heard before, that is because it is. Population control is a major theme on the radical left, and many of them truly believe that humanity’s population must be greatly reduced “to stop global warming” and “to save the planet”. In the film, Thanos truly believes that he is doing the right thing, but since he is the villain everyone in the audience is theoretically supposed to be rooting for him to be defeated. But instead of being universally hated, Thanos has become the big breakout star from this movie. Large numbers of people are insisting that “Thanos did nothing wrong” and are embracing his population control philosophy.
Of course population control is not exactly a new idea. It was one of the main reasons why ancient civilizations conducted human sacrifice rituals, and several centuries ago it was given a more modern spin by Thomas Malthus. So the truth is that the philosophy that Thanos is promoting is simply “repackaged” for a new generation, and this is a point that G. Shane Morris made in an article earlier this year…
Declining Birth Rates Not Exclusive to Wealthy Nations Japan's birth rate is 1.44 per woman, which has caused the population to decline by one million in the last five years. India, a developing country that is home to the world's second-largest population, the total fertility rate has shown a steady decline from 3.6 per woman in 1991 to 2.4 per woman by 2011. A World Bank report shows that Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan all had birth rates of 6 children per woman in 1950-55, but this declined by almost half by 2000.
Abortion in the U.s.: Five Key Facts Last month, the latest survey by the Kaiser Family Foundation found that 67 % of those polled supported Roe v. Wade. About half - 53 % - of people who said they were Republican would like to see Roe v. Wade overturned, while 81 % of Democrats and 73 % of independents want it to stand. Fewer than 1 % of first-trimester abortions lead to complications. The abortion rate is 37 per 1,000 women in countries that prohibit abortion altogether or allow it only to save a woman's life, and 34 per 1,000 in countries that allow abortion without restriction.
The IUD Vs. the World The devices, collectively known as long-acting reversible contraception, or LARCs, work more than 99 % of the time, meaning fewer than 1 in 100 women using them will get pregnant each year. By comparison, 9 out of 100 women taking the pill, and 18 women out of 100 using condoms, get pregnant every year. Between 2009 and 2013, a Colorado program to reduce unintended pregnancy by increasing LARC use resulted in a 40 % drop in the teen birthrate and a 42 % decline in the abortion rate among women ages 15 to 19.
Nigeria's Galloping Population, a Ticking Time Bomb Nigeria's population was 56.6 million in 1963, 88.9 million in 1991 and 140 million in 2006. The latest estimate put the figure at 198 million in 2018, making it the seventh most populous nation, accounting for 2.5 % of the world's population. Nigeria has overtaken India as the poverty capital of the world, harbouring the largest number of people living in extreme poverty, with over 82 million, or 42.4 % of the population, living below the poverty line of $2 a day.
Religious Leaders Begin Preaching Fertility Awareness
The Muslim, Catholic and Protestant Medical bureaus, have launched a campaign to begin teaching their followers the values of planning for their families.
While launching the campaign yesterday, Dr John Baptist Kauta, the Secretary General Uganda Episcopal Conference, dispelled the belief that the Catholic Church is against family planning and its methods, explaining that instead the Catholic Church promotes it because it means a good quality of life and society.
With Reproductive Rights in Great Jeopardy, 'plan C' is More Important Than Ever Medication abortion is used in only 31 % of nonhospital abortions in the U.S. as compared to 80 to 91 % in some Western European countries, 81 % in India, and 74 percent in Mexico City.
'Roe V. Wade' Script Leak: Pro-life Movie Pushes Conspiracy Theories and Lies
Yesterday, The Daily Beast published an exclusive report chronicling the filming of Roe v. Wade, an anti-abortion movie beset by chaos.
The brainchild of Nick Loeb, a wealthy conservative banking heir most famous for his embryo battle with ex-fiancée Sofia Vergara, and his producing partner Cathy Allyn, Roe v. Wade depicts the events leading up to the landmark 1973 Supreme Court decision that granted women the legal right to have an abortion—a very timely film given Justice Anthony Kennedy’s recent retirement announcement. It began filming on June 15 in and around New Orleans under the fake title 1973, with the shoot set to wrap on July 15.
China's First Authorized Sex Educators to Break Decades of Silence - Cnn Apart from a few experimental lessons launched in a handful of schools in China's larger cities, most schools haven't introduced formal sex education courses, leaving nearly 22% of youths under the age of 19 mostly in the dark. Although national HIV rates are very low -- under 0.1% -- an estimated 14.7% of new infections in 2015 were among people 15 to 24. The year-on-year growth rate of new HIV infections among young people is around 35%.
With Reproductive Rights in Great Jeopardy, 'plan C' is More Important Than Ever Medication abortion is used in only 31 % of nonhospital abortions inthe U.S. as compared to 80 to 91 % in some Western European countries, 81 % in India, and 74 % in Mexico City.
Pakistan:supreme Court Takes Up Population Challenge
Expressing his dissatisfaction over steps taken so far at the federal and provincial levels to check population growth, the Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar observed on Tuesday that the ballooning population needed to be controlled on a war footing.
He was heading a three-member Supreme Court bench comprising Justice Umar Ata Bandial and Justice Ijazul Ahsan, hearing a suo motu case pertaining to increasing population in the country.
Americans Are Having Fewer Babies. They Told Us Why The vast majority of women in the United States still have children. But the most commonly used measure of fertility, the number of births for every 1,000 women of childbearing age, was 60.2 last year, a record low. The total fertility rate - which estimates how many children women will have based on current patterns - is down to 1.8, below the replacement level in developed countries of 2.1. Among people who did not plan to have children, 23 % said it was because they were worried about the economy. A third said they couldn't afford child care, 24 % said they couldn't afford a house and 13 % cited student debt.
Child Spacing: a Stitch in Time Saves Nine Every single day, Nigeria loses about 2,300 under-five-year olds and 145 women of childbearing age, making the country the second largest contributor to the under-five and maternal mortality rate in the world. The mortality rate among children born at intervals of less than one year is twice higher than among children born at intervals of two years or more.
Poll: Two-thirds of Americans Oppose Reversing Roe Vs. Wade A new poll, conducted before Justice Kennedy announced his retirement, found 67 % of Americans are opposed to rolling back the landmark 1973 Supreme Court decision that guarantees a woman's right to an abortion. The study found a slim majority of Republicans, 53 %, want legal abortion overturned -- while 81 % of Democrats and 73 % of independents do not.
Egypt Water Scarcity Dangerous and Below Level of Poverty The UN predicts that Egypt will be approaching a state of "absolute water crisis" by 2025 and that the nation is already below the United Nations' water poverty threshold. Last month, the government has raised the price of piped drinking water up to 46.5% for consumers of all consumption tier.
Flooding From Sea Level Rise Threatens Over 300,000 US Coastal Homes - Study The swelling oceans are forecast repeatedly to soak coastal residences collectively worth $120bn by 2045 if greenhouse gas emissions are not severely curtailed. Nasa announced last week that the amount of ice lost annually from Antarctica has tripled since 2012 to an enormous 241bn tons a year.
The Pakistani Population Growth Rate Continues to Be Steep Pakistan has a whopping 2.63 % of total world population. Pakistan has a super-dense population of more than 260 people per square kilometer.
Where Birth Control is Scarce, Young Women Create Sex Education Outside the Classroom Out of all the pregnancies in Kentucky, 47 % are unplanned. However, only six of the 19 health departments and federally qualified health clinics in the eastern Kentucky counties where All Access operates offer the full range of birth control options.
High Human Population Density Eliminates the Positive Effect of Forest Protection in a Tropical Biodiversity Hotspot Every 22 km increase in mean distance to town, forest loss decreased by 16%, with a lesser impact for protected areas. Protected areas were 36% less likely to lose forest than non-protected forests when closer to towns. The advantage of formal protection declined by 32% with every increase of 24,000 people above mean local population densities.
How Family Planning Can Help Save Cheetahs An estimated 214 million women in lower-income countries want effective contraception but are unable to access it, and there is an estimated $20 billion annual funding gap for reproductive health services in developing countries. Across Africa, the cheetah population has decreased by 92 % over the last century, to the point that only around 7,100 adult and adolescent cheetahs remain in the wild.
Health of the People and Environment in the Lake Victoria Basin (HOPE-LVB) Project Evaluation
This evaluation examines the evidence on the effectiveness and scalability of the Health of the People and Environment in the Lake Victoria Basin (HoPE-LVB) model of integrated population, health, and environment (PHE) community development in Kenya and Uganda. The project aimed to increase access to sexual and reproductive health services and improve maternal and child health care practices while reducing threats to biodiversity conservation in project communities. It also aimed to scale up the PHE model at the local, national, and regional levels through institutionalizing PHE in government development planning.
Data for the evaluation came from key informant interviews, focus group discussions, and an analysis of existing data and documents. Findings suggest notable successes and some areas for improvement. Stakeholders consistently perceived that HoPE-LVB’s PHE model added value to family planning/ reproductive health, maternal and child health, livelihoods, governance, natural resources management, and conservation. Key informants and secondary analysis revealed positive outcomes from institutionalization, sustainability, and expansion of the model. Secondary data analysis revealed that the project made remarkable progress in achieving its objectives in health, family planning, sanitation, livelihoods, and conservation.
The Guardian View on Family Planning Policies: Two Kids Or Too Many? There are almost 105 million Egyptians already, and on current trends there will be 23 million more by 2030. The birthrate in Singapore plummeted from 4.85 in the 1960s to 1.24 in 2015.
Suffering in Silence: How Kenyan Women Live with Profound Childbirth Injuries Across the world, there is an estimated two million women and girls who live with vaginal fistulas. There are up to 100 000 new cases each year. In Kenya, at least 3000 new cases are reported annually but research shows that only 7.5% are treated. By 2014, Kenya only had three internationally renowned fistula surgeons and less than 10 surgeons who could perform simple obstetric operations.
What's Driving the Sky-high Child Marriage Rates in South Sudan? One in five girls worldwide is estimated to be married before the age of 18, including even in parts of the United States. 52% of girls in South Sudan are married before their 18th birthday, the fifth-highest rate of child marriage in the world. At 158 births per 1,000 women aged 15-19, South Sudan has one of the highest rates of adolescent pregnancy in the world. South Sudan also has one of the world's worst maternal mortality rates at 789 deaths per 100,000 life births.
Did God Kill Onan for Spilling His Seed?
Did God kill Onan because he wasted his seen and spilled it on the ground? The answer is clear in the Bible but sadly, many people don’t read the Bible stories in their entirety. They just read snippets. This leads to people dreadfully misinformed about biblical events. Now, let’s take a look at the passage.
Judah got a wife for Er, his firstborn, and her name was Tamar. 7 But Er, Judah’s firstborn, was wicked in the Lord’s sight; so the Lord put him to death.
'Carbon Bubble' Could Spark Global Financial Crisis, Study Warns Global energy demand would be about 40% lower than today by 2050, despite rises in population and income, and a growing global economy.
What Happens When Abortion is Banned? In Brazil, where abortion is all but banned, experts estimate there are about a million illegal abortions each year; around half of them are induced using abortion drugs. In the 45 years since Roe v. Wade legalized abortion, states have enacted more than 1,200 anti-abortion laws. Half of the abortions in the United States take place among women below the federal poverty line.
Development experts have always measured the human costs of early marriage, but new data are shedding light on the practice's economic impact. As countries work to ban child marriage, advanced economies - led by the G7 - can help by financing programs proven to mitigate one of the most serious sMay 30, 2018, Project Syndicate By: Henrietta H. Fore , Natalia Kanem , Mabel Van Oranje
The International Center for Research on Women and the World Bank have reported that, by 2030, $4 trillion would be saved on welfare expenditures if child marriage was stopped.
In Indonesia, where 14% of girls are married before their 18th birthday, President Joko Widodo has recognized the human and economic costs and has vowed to end the practice. However, in most developing countries, change is not occurring fast enough and funding for this cause is inadequate. Worldwide, approximately one in five girls under 18 are married or in a union and many are already mothers. The world's highest rate of child marriage is in Niger at 76%.
Now that the economic costs are clear, this is a good time to address the problem. Ensuring access to safe, quality education is a key to ending child marriage. Girls must be given the tools for success. In order for this cause to be successful rich countries must join the fight. Justin Trudeau, the Canadian Prime Minister, has vowed to make gender equality a theme in discussions with other G7 ministers.
The World Bank estimates that, by banning child marriage, Niger would save $1.7 billion in welfare costs. Bangladesh's savings would be approximately $4.8 billion, and Nigeria's $7.6 billion.
Even though the number of girls married is declining each year, change is occurring too slowly. If the world does not act now and invest more in this cause, population growth will overtake gains and the number of child brides will be on the rise again.
The Berkeley City Council addressed the issue of over-population as it relates to global warming in its declaration of a climate emergency
The author called it a "breakthrough" that CO2 emissions are being considered, not only as a per capita function, but also as a function of the number of people doing the emitting. In the campaign to reduce emissions the role of population has largely been ignored. Hybrid cars, solar energy, and using gas instead of coal are often the main topics of discussion.
There were 2.5 billion people in the world in 1950, and they were responsible for 6 billion metric tons of CO2 emissions. The world now has 7.6 billion people so, logically speaking, CO2 emissions should triple. This isn't the case, however, CO2 emissions now measure 36 billion tons. This is largely due to countries with large populations, like China, becoming industrialized. China is now the world's largest emitter at 10 billion tons of CO2 annually.
In 2009 Scientific American concluded that, to reverse the effects of global warming, emissions need to fall 50% below 1990 levels by 2050, or to approximately 12-13 billion tons of CO2 a year. Assuming half the world is still agrarian and half is industrialized, the author hypothesized that emissions will fall to that level only if the world's population decreases to 2.55 billion.
For this reason, professional environmentalists advocate for both family planning and per capita carbon reducing. In 2014 the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change estimated that, if access to contraception was provided to women who said they needed it, CO2 emissions could be lowered by 30% by 2100.
The need to reduce population is often denied because many think it interferes with economic growth. In fact regions often pursue growth to stimulate their economies. In fact, "growth without end-point is unsustainable." Population reduction is essential in the climate change solution.
A new report from World Bank Group finds that if women worldwide had the same lifetime earnings as men, global wealth would increase by $23,620 per person, on average, for a total of $160 trillion.
This would effect expand the middle class and eliminate some of the factors associated with social and political instability.
To erase inequality, all women should have access to health care, proper nutrition, and safe and effective learning environments throughout the educational process. Also important are upholding sexual and reproductive rights and combating sexual and gender-based violence, including harmful practices like child, early or forced marriage.
Women need to be given access to land ownership, credit, insurance, and savings, and the social norms that "relegate" women to lower paid professions need to be changed.
It is imperative that the priorities of women be put at the forefront of the consideration of all governments and international entities.
Canada is one country that has done this with its Feminist International Assistance Policy that seeks to ensure equal rights and economic opportunities for all women and girls.
Another initiative that addresses inequality is the Women Entrepreneurs Finance Initiative, which is based at the World Bank and supported by 14 governments. It loans money to women-owned or women-led businesses in developing countries.
"Only by unleashing the full potential of all people to participate fully in the economy can we strengthen growth, eliminate poverty and respond effectively to mounting global challenges, from conflict to climate change."
A recent Wilson Center event focused on the development of a more resilient world through sustainable development. "Community mobilization, local capacity-building, and innovation are the cornerstones of successful development," according to Franklin Moore, Africare's Chief of Programs. And, he believes "tailored education campaigns" are necessary for change.
One of the biggest hurdles to achieving resilience is water security. Water is essential for life, and each person in the developed world uses enough water to fill an Olympic swimming pool every year. As the population grows so does the demand for water. The ongoing water crisis in Pakistan, where the population is predicted to reach 300 million by 2050, "has brought the population issue also on to the table," said Zeba Sathar of the Population Council.
Changing farms to feed families is another way to contribute to the stability of communities. Seventy percent of water usage goes to food production, so Africare is encouraging farmers to plant drought-resistant plants to feed livestock. And, to address the problem of population growth exceeding food supply, family planning is being promoted along with changes in agricultural practices that increase nutritious food production.
Displacement due to extreme weather has caused additional instability in undeveloped regions. In Nigeria droughts have contributed to this problem, and in Pakistan flooding has led to destroyed homes and livelihoods.
"Seventy percent of water we use on this planet goes to food production," said Eric Viala, Director of the Sustainable Water Partnership.. "If you don't have the water to produce food, you can't eat.” Severe droughts can lead to hunger, even famine; while too much water-floods-can swamp farmland.
Zeba Sathar reported that the African Union has seen success "linking the reduction in fertility, and favorable birth spacing patterns, with a demographic dividend...with positive development outcomes.”
Jason Bremmer of Family Planning 2020 believes that to achieve resilience "it is really critical that we understand these interlinked challenges and we find new ways of doing business, as business as usual - standard family planning programs, our standard efforts of reaching communities with water and environmental issues - are going to be further stressed.”
On June 21, 2018, the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission published the World Atlas of Desertification, offering a tool for improving local responses to soil loss and land degradationJune 21, 2018, EurekaAlert!
In June, a new edition of the Atlas of Desertification was released by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. Since the last edition (20 years ago), soil loss and land degradation have increased dramatically, and the the new findings highlight an urgent need to correct land usage worldwide.
The atlas shows that 75% of the land area is already degraded, and over 90% could become degraded by 2050.
Land degradation and climate change are estimated to lead to a reduction of global crop yields by about 10% by 2050.
Worldwide, a total area of half the European Union is degraded annually. Soil degradation for the EU alone costs tens of billions euros a year. An uptick in deforestation makes it difficult to minimize climate change. And, by 2050, 700 million people are estimated to be displaced due to land issues.
On the global level, under the United Nations' Sustainable Development Agenda, world leaders have committed to "combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world" by 2030.
US Agency for International Development (USAID) cuts imposed by President Donald Trump's Mexico City policy have led to more abortions (mostly backstreet) as a form of birth control. Many in undeveloped countries like Kenya relied on that aid to provide women with birth control. Without it many cannot afford contraceptives, are becoming pregnant, and are then resorting to backstreet abortions to terminate the pregnancy.
In Kenya, where abortion is illegal, Khadijah Dija used to visit a family clinic to get free injectable birth control every three months. With the cuts in place, it now costs her $4, money she does not have. Without birth control, she became pregnant and had to pay $10 for illegal abortion pills, as she cannot support another child and gets no help from her husband. She is still bleeding a month after taking the pills. Wilson Bunde of Family Health Options Kenya (FHOK) reports that women who were coming to clinics for contraceptives are now coming to be treated for botched abortions instead. Botched abortions cost Kenya approximately $6.3 million in 2016.
International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), a global provider of contraceptives and reproductive health services, will lose $100 million after refusing to abide by the terms of Trump's policy. That forced FHOK to stop offering free or reduced cost contraception, close a clinic, and cut a community outreach program. Because of those cuts, Bunde estimated that 36,000 women went without family planning last year.
The Mexico City policy, otherwise known as the 'global gag rule', has been in place on and off since President Ronald Reagan introduced it in 1984. Generally over the years, it has been rescinded by Democratic administrations and reinstated by Republicans, but it has never before been applied to this extent. Trump's policy cuts an estimated $8.8 billion in assistance -- funding that applies not only to family planning, as it has previously, but extends to prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, infectious diseases, and even hygiene programs, while the 2001 Bush administration cut only about $600 million.
A 2011 Stanford University study found that, when the Mexico City policy is in place, women were up to 2.73 times more likely to get abortions.
Trump is also considering similar changes in the US. Recently his administration proposed a new rule that would bar abortions or abortion advice at facilities receiving federal family planning funds. Those who don't comply would lose federal funding. It would be a domestic version of the global gag policy.
Despite industry hype, burgers are still eating up the environmentMay 18, 2018, Medium By: Dr. Jennifer Molidor
Dr. Jennifer Molidor, writer, professor, and wildlife advocate, said that "there's no such thing as sustainable beef with our current rates of consumption and its impact on the planet."
The beef industry has been trying to convince us that beef is the new "eco-friendly" food. The U.S. Roundtable for Sustainable Beef (USRSB), with McDonalds, Taco Bell, Walmart, and Costco as some of its members, wants the consumer to believe that he can eat an unlimited amount of meat and still have a healthy planet. The USRSB's framework "lacks transparency and teeth needed to hold beef producers responsible for the damage they do to our land, water, air, climate.”
The truth is the beef industry is riddled with waste and is a model of inefficiency. The average American's annual hamburger appetite adds up to 1,050 pounds of carbon dioxide equivalents (C02e) 2, 2.13 acres of habitat, 66,300 gallons of water and 1,530 pounds of manure. To gain a pound, a cow has to eat about 6 pounds of feed. Grass-fed beef requires about five times more water to produce than industrial beef.
The beef industry is currently pressuring the Environmental Protection Agency to do away with the Clean Water Rule, which hold farms accountable for polluting waterways, and are against pollution reporting requirements. The industry is also doing their best to inhibit Earth-friendly alternatives in the marketplace by disallowing those who produce plant-based food from using the words "meat” or "dairy” on their labeling.
Molidor believes that "a lot can be done to make meat production less destructive to the climate.” Sustainable certification, like the Canadian model, could have a positive effect on the nature of production. However, the only way to make the beef industry truly sustainable is for consumers to eat less and decrease production.
Note: this article is from 2014, but worth repeating
India's first census counted 356 million people in 1951 - one-seventh of the world's population. Nearly 9 million kids had married before age 14. The population was projected to grow by 500,000 per year. How could India feed all those people? Better to sterilize anyone with three or more kids.
Sterilization seemed simple, safe, cheap, and effective. M.C. Chagla, a former ambassador to the U.S., said, "Until we develop an oral contraceptive that works and that we can afford, we must encourage sterilization.... It must be voluntary." However, in 1976 politicians went from a policy of giving transistor radios to men who submitted to vasectomies to compulsory sterilization. The police "literally dragged people in from the fields to the vasectomy table," one medical officer told the New York Times. In all, more than 6 million people were sterilized that year, causing violent protests and stalled measures to reduce birth rates for decades. The population now is nearly 1.3 billion.
India has been more successful at reducing death rates than fertility rates. Since the sterilization policy began, growth has vastly exceeded projections. An old man stated that when he was a boy a cholera epidemic would kill up to 50 people in his village every ten years. "Now they come and vaccinate our children. I have lived here almost 70 years. The biggest change in my time has been health. We've learned how to keep from dying."
Today, programs have returned to incentives. In most Indian states women who opt for sterilization earn about $23 - almost one month's income in rural India. But in the district of Bilaspur, a sterilization procedure sickened 60 women and killed 13. Authorities first charged the doctor for failing to sterilize the sterilization instruments. But the doctor blamed "the village quacks who gave them antibiotics." Later, an Indian health official said a preliminary finding suggested that a poisonous zinc phosphate compound got mixed with the drugs, so the authorities arrested the director of a drug-making firm that supplied the clinic. However, according to USA Today, the doctor, who was trying to meet the demands of sterilization quotas mandated by local authorities, had spent only minutes on each patient, doing 83 surgeries in six hours. He is under pressure to complete 15,000 sterilizations and was recently praised for performing 50,000 laparoscopic tubectomies.
Local residents now distrust the program.Gauri Bai, 54, said he suspected his daughter-in-law "is already dead," after the 27-year-old woman fell sick. "We thought the government is running the program for the benefit of the poor, but they have cheated us. We want the guilty to be punished. They have destroyed my family. Who will take care of these little children?"
CounterSpin interview with Kinsey Hasstedt on reproductive health restrictionsMay 29, 2018, FAIR.org By: Janine Jackson
In May, President Trump proposed new restrictions on federally funded family planning by barring doctors from advising a woman pondering an abortion about where she could receive one. In response to the Trump administration's proposed changes, Kinsey Hasstedt, a senior policy manager in the Guttmacher Institute's Washington DC Office was interviewed.
Hasstedt was asked what she believes the changes would actually mean "on the ground." She said she fears that the proposals are a "revival of the domestic gag rule first proposed by President Reagan." It "would ban referral for abortion" and "require that pregnant patients be referred for prenatal services and other care related to delivery, regardless of their wishes." Patients would no longer receive "nondirective counseling.”
Hasstedt theorized that the Trump administration intends to "totally reshape the network of entities and the scope of services that have long been supported by this Title X publicly funded family planning program. They are seeking to disadvantage providers who focus on reproductive health... and in fact are opening the door to Title X funds to ideologically motivated entities that are actually unwilling or unable to provide a broad range of contraceptive-method options. These rules also promote other ideologically motivated approaches to family planning, such as abstinence until marriage, and take away the guarantee of contraceptive access for many... At the end of the day we are talking about denying women access to information and services that are necessary in their own right to self-determination.”
Interview Janine Jackson of Counterspin accused the media of "narrowly diving into this latest thing” and worries that focusing too closely on the the details might cause people to miss what's really happening. Hasstedt advised that we should all "step back” and recognize the Trump administration's "coercive agenda against individuals' reproductive health and rights.” This agenda includes "seeking to roll back affordable health coverage, undermining people's access to affordable contraceptive coverage under the ACA, trying to undercut comprehensive sex education programs, and now this most recent attack on publicly funded family planning.”
Jackson discussed the existence of an anti-abortion space on evening cable news, but nearly no pro-abortion space. She pointed out that "as the restrictions on reproductive rights go up, the sheer amount of coverage goes down, and in that silence, misinformation can grow like mildew...” Hasstedt shared the concern in that many who get "lost in the narrative are the people who rely on publicly funded planning for care.” She added, "The whole point of Title X, in the beginning, was to close the resource gap between women and couples who have more resources, and those who have less and face systemic barriers to accessing affordable and high quality care. Because everyone has the right to determine for themselves whether and when to have children... and ultimately we are jeopardizing the health and well being of millions of people, who are largely low-income, largely people of color and people who are otherwise underserved...”
In light of 20 state attorneys supporting a nationwide preliminary injunction to stop Trump, Jackson asked Hasstedt to speculate what might be next. Haastedt said we'll have to wait and "see how this network starts to shape up over the course of the next few months, to see "Which type of entities apply for Title X funding will matter” And when we see these "proposed regulations actually published in the Federal Register, if they look like this draft does, there will be mass outcry from professional medical associations, public health experts, providers, advocates, and people themselves.”
The Story Behind the Ban on ContraceptionApril 29, 2018, The Story Behind the Ban on Contraception
In 1968, Pope Paul VI went against the findings of his own Papal Birth Control Commission and rejected an opportunity to create a modern and compassionate doctrine on birth control which would appeal to its faithful.
Instead, he launched the church backwards toward staunch orthodoxy with his encyclical titled Humanae Vitae. "The Church...in urging men to the observance of the precepts of the natural law, which it interprets by its constant doctrine, teaches that each and every marital act must of necessity retain its intrinsic relationship to the procreation of human life." For the past 50 years these words have come to influence the church's stance on public health challenges that relate to sex, and have affected the way Catholics around the world view birth control.
How did the church come to reject modern contraception, and why does it continue to make it a central part of its theology? Five years before Humanae Vitae, the papal commission was examining its view on marriage and looking to update its teachings. At this time it was feared that the more liberal members of the commission would push to revisit the church's ban an "artificial" birth control that was established in the 1930 encyclical Casti Connubii. The birth control pill had been introduced and, because it used naturally occurring hormones, many conservative members were concerned that its use would be approved for Catholic couples. Instead of considering the issue, the Papal Birth Control Commission was established as a concession.
After much study, it was the commission's opinion that the prohibition of contraception was faulty and outdated. It found that in many cases it strained marriages instead of making them stronger. Contrary to the assertion of the hierarchy that natural family planning brought couples closer together, it was found that it drove them apart. Couples became obsessed with sex because of the unnatural restrictions placed upon spontaneous demonstrations of affection. Women spoke of the many roles they played as wives and of the importance of the non-procreative sexual bond to marriage.
Even though the commission overwhelmingly agreed to advise the church to change its stance on the matter, many within the church rejected the change because it would be an admission that the church had been wrong.
The church demoted the commission members and appointed 15 bishops to make a final report on the matter. The bishops were also convinced by the case for modern contraception. They argued that the interpretation of the biblical story of Onan and his spilled seed was fallible, birth control is necessary for responsible parenting, and marriage should be based on "mutual love within the totality of marriage." There was a report issued by the dissenting bishops, but its only basis for opposition was that if the church changed its view, it would have to admit that it was wrong. And if it was wrong, it would lead to questioning on all "moral matters."
Although the commission and bishops overwhelmingly advised the hierarchy to change its stance, Pope Paul ignored the recommendations. He declared that the findings were not unanimous, and that the the recommendation disagreed with previous teaching and could not be changed.
Reaction to Humanae Vitae was not favorable. Many Catholics had expected Pope Paul to rescind the ban and had already made up their minds about birth control. There was also dissent from inside the church and by the world's theologians, most of it asserting that Catholics were free to make their own decisions on the issue. The reaction was as described by Father Curran. "All the hope and enthusiasm, all the sense that things had changed and that birth control teaching could change were crushed by the document. In a sense, there was one positive outcome from the encyclical in that Catholics realized that they could disagree with the pope on non-fallible issues and still remain a good Catholic. However, the negative outcome was that it created a lot of tension regarding credibility of the church.”
In the face of much dissent and disobedience, the church refused to alter its stance, and many Catholics have made their own decisions on contraceptives, especially in developed countries. Of the sexually active Catholic women in the US, 99% have used a method of birth control other than natural family planning.
In developing countries Humanae Vitae still has an impact on health policies and foreign assistance for such. This has led to an unmet need for family planning, increased abortion, death and disability for women denied the ability to limit pregnancies, and has hurt efforts to stem the spread of HIV/AIDS. The Catholic hierarchy continues to oppose modern contraception in Africa, which has the world's lowest rate of contraceptive use. Bishops regularly mislead those in developing countries by telling them that contraception is harmful to women's health, it leads to higher levels of abortion, and that international family planning programs are western plots to destroy their society.
Some developing countries have had some success in overcoming the Catholic church. Despite its large Catholic population, Kenya has successfully promoted contraceptive use. By 2015 52% of married women were using contraceptives and it is on target to get to 60% by 2018.
In the Philippines, according to a 2014 poll, 68% of Catholics support contraceptive use, but have unmet need due to the rate of poverty. In 2017, however, the president of the Philippines issued an executive order calling for the full implementation of the Reproductive Health Law. The Catholic church responded by blocking the distribution of condoms in schools.
Over the last 50 years, the impact of Humanae Vitae has been immeasurable. Despite its existence, Catholics continue to use contraceptives, dismissing a central tenet of the church, and the divide between its doctrine and reality continues to widen. The ideology has also hampered women's health and family planning causes around the world. The need for a more modern sexual ethic is long overdue, and, in order for the church to move forward, a reexamination of Humanae Vitae is imperative.
According to a recent report by the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, in 2017 the U.S. saw the fewest newborns since 1987, and the birthrate dropped for almost every group of women. In 2017 the total number of births was down 2% from 2016, and the fertility rate fell to a record low. These new numbers put the U.S. further away from a viable replacement rate, which has not been met since 1971.
Since a sharp decline in the early 1970's, the number of births in the U.S. has gradually risen. That growth however has been inconsistent with spikes and dips caused by the economy, generational size, and other factors. And, despite the rise in births, the birthrate over this time frame has shown a general decline.
The results of the report correspond with predictions the Census Bureau and others have been making for years. After decades of relatively high fertility rates, the U.S. must now depend on immigration for population growth.
In the report, teens (15-19 years) saw the biggest drop at 7% from the year before. And, the only group not to see a decline was women between the ages of 40 and 44. They saw an increase of 2% from 2016. The U.S. also experienced rises in preterm birthrate, low birth weight rate, and cesarean delivery rate in 2017.
Humans Less Than 1% of Life on Earth, but Have Destroyed Half of Its Plants, More Than 80% of All MammalsMay 22, 2018, Common Dreams By: Jessica Corbett
According to a recent study by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), human beings only make up 0.01% of the Earth's biomass, however their impact has been huge. The study showed that the planet's biomass is mostly plants (82%), followed by bacteria (13%), and everything else (including 7.6 million humans) accounts for the remaining 5%.
The rise of human civilization has resulted in the destruction of 83% of wild mammals, 80% of marine animals, 50% of plants, and 15% of fish. The study notes that "over the relatively short span of human history, major innovations, such as the domestication of livestock, adoption of an agricultural lifestyle, and the Industrial Revolution, have increased the impact of human population dramatically and have had radical ecological effects."
Furthermore, the study found that the human diet and unsustainable lifestyles have resulted in human beings and livestock accounting for 96% of the mammalian species. Only 4% of mammals are now considered to be wild.
Ron Milo, a professor at the Weizmann Institute of Science, led the study and called the results "staggering." He commented that "our dietary choices have a vast effect on the habitats of animals, plants, and other organisms." He also added, "I would hope people would take this (work) as part of their worldview of how they consume. I would hope this gives people a perspective on the very dominant role that humanity now plays on Earth."
Balancing the existence of humanity and nature is a challenge. With worldwide population growth expected to grow to 10 billion by 2050, that balance harder will be more difficult to achieve. Attaining a healthy population number is key and may only be possible by finding the political and societal will.
Supporting family planning globally and locally is imperative. In developing regions, approximately 214 million women want to delay or avoid pregnancy but are without a modern contraceptive. Additionally, in these same regions, 43% of pregnancies are unplanned. If family planning services were expanded to improve and address all women's needs for modern contraceptive the cost would be relatively low - an increase from a $6.3 billion currently to $12.1 billion annually.
As an example, Uganda is a developing country that is in dire need of expanded family planning services. It is one of the fastest growing countries with its current population of 37 million growing to a projected 100 million by 2050. One in four girls between the ages of 15 and 19 is pregnant or has already given birth, and 75% of the population is under the age of 30. Education, outreach, and access to services are necessary and are currently being advocated for and offered by Reproductive Health Uganda.
In the US 45% of pregnancies are unplanned. However, in Colorado, the Colorado Family Planning Initiative provides low or no cost long-acting reversible contraceptives to low-income women, especially teens. By doing this, teen pregnancies were nearly cut in half in their state.
Family planning is often an overlooked path forward to deal with climate change. It has been shown that regions of high population growth, coupled with a high unmet need for family planning, frequently overlap with regions that are most vulnerable to climate change.
When women's needs for family planning are met, their families are healthier, there is a reduced household demand on resources, and women have more time to devote to climate adaptation-related activities. Increasingly, though, climate researchers and activists are making the connection. It has been estimated that, just by educating girls and supporting family planning alone, emissions could be reduced by 120 gigatons of CO2-equivalent by 2050.
Biodiversity can also be impacted by family planning. Recently the World Wildlife Fund found that the world's forests could lose more than half of their plant species by the end of the century. Indonesia has one of the highest deforestation rates in the world and, although its government has invested in education and awareness of contraceptives, its population is still increasing and is projected to be the world's seventh largest country by 2050. Today there are more that 1.5 billion people living in biodiversity endangered areas.
New thinking about conservation, climate change, and communities is needed. One new model known as Population, Health, and Environment (PHE) is an integrated solution linking family planning, public health and conservation that recognizes the interconnectiveness of people and their local environment. Humanity must stop living beyond the carrying capacity of Earth.
To help in this cause, readers are encouraged to become informed about policies that empower women, call on elected representatives to stop cuts on family planning assistance internationally and locally, urge congressional representatives to co-sponsor the Global Health, Empowerment, and Rights Act and the Women and Climate Change Act of 2018, protest cuts to environmental protections, involve men in family planning programs, and vote.